Gwalior district is a district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. This district is under the revenue division of Gwalior. This district is situated between 25 0 34 ‘north and 260’ 21 north latitude and 770 40 ‘east and 780 54’ in the northern part of Gwalior state. This district is spread over a 2002 square meter area, which is 1.1 percent of the total area of Madhya Pradesh state. Gwalior was the capital of central India from 1948 to 1956 but when the central India was connected to Madhya Pradesh, it was given the form of the district.
This district was named after a famous fort. The name of this famous fort was taken from the name of Pahadi. This flat summit was called Gopachal, Gopgiri, Gop Mountain or Gopadri. This has created the word Gwalior.
Gwalior’s history is traced back to a legend in 8th century AD when a chief tain known as Suraj Sen was struck by a deadly disease and cured by a hermit-saint Gwalipa. As a gratitude for that incidence, he founded this city by his name. The new city of Gwalior became existance over the centuries. The cradle of great dynasties ruled the city Gwalior. With different Dynasty, the city gained a new dimension from the warrior kings, poets, musicians, and saints who contributed to making it renowned throughout the country. The city is also the setting for the memorials of freedom fighters such as Tatya Tope and the indomitable Rani of Jhansi.